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Spinal stenosis is a very common problem that can occur as we age. As we get older, joints between the bones in our spine accumulate wear and tear, also known as osteoarthritis. This erosion can slowly cause compression of nerves in the lower back through thickening of ligaments and overgrowth of joints. Occasionally, this degeneration may lead to slippage of one vertebra onto another. This is called a spondylolisthesis.
Over the past 15 years there has been a change in the pattern of patients who present with cancers of the tonsil and the back of the tongue. As clinicians, we have seen a change in the factors that cause these cancers.
Prostate enlargement, often referred to as BPH (Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia) , is common affecting over 50% of men aged over 50 and 90% of men over 80. It is a non-cancerous (benign) condition and is not to be confused with Prostate Cancer.
People often take for granted how important their shoulders are in their everyday life. Basic everyday functions such as drying your hair, reaching for a cup on the top shelf or playing sports such as tennis or golf require healthy shoulders.
An increasingly common cause of shoulder pain are tears of the rotator cuff, which can occur suddenly or gradually. It has been found that the incidence of shoulder pain is only second behind that of back pain and is often underreported by older people.
Every 12 minutes, an Australian dies from cardiovascular disease and it is the single biggest killer of Australian women.
Every woman's experience of having breasts is different. It is important to learn what is normal for you and to recognise worrying changes that should be investigated. Because it is often difficult to tell what is normal when you examine your own breasts, from the age of 40 years onwards you should have a breast check with your GP.
A/Prof Michael Neil answers the frequently asked questions about Total Knee Replacement